Buttons remain one of the easiest ways to fasten clothing, and attaching a button is as easy as making several stitches though the little holes in its center. But if you’re sewing your own clothes, you need to know more than how to attach buttons — you also need to know how to create secure, attractive button holes. Read on to learn how to make button holes by hand.
Step 1: Mark your button holes.
Use your sewing pattern to determine where the button holes should be placed on your project. If you’re sewing more free-hand and without a pattern, fold your project to see where the buttons (which you should already have placed on the project at this point) line up. Mark the proper location of each button with a chalk line. In general, you want your button holes to be 1/8 inch longer than your buttons are wide. Measure your chalk lines to these specifications. For example, if your button is 1/2 inch wide, your line should be 5/8 inch long. Your chalk line should be as thick as your button is, too. So, if your button is 1/8 inch thick, the line should be 1/8 inch thick.
Step 2: Sew a “window” around the button hole.
Once your chalk line is marked, thread a needle with the color thread that you want your button holes to be. Then, sew a narrow box around the chalk line. For instance, considering the example button above, your box should measure 5/8 inch long and 1/8 inch tall. You can use small, plain stitches to sew this box. Its main goal is just to mark off your button hole.
Step 3: Cut the button hole.
Take your scissors, and cut down the center of the box you’ve marked off with stitches. Make sure you do not cut through the stitches. You’re just cutting a single slit.
Step 4: “Sew” the buttonhole.
Buttonholes use a specific type of stitch called the pearl stitch. Once your needle is threaded, place it underneath the fabric of the buttonhole and pull it through the fabric about 1/8 inch to the outside of the slit. You should be pulling the needle from the backside of your work to the front side. When it is all of the way through, make another stitch, a very small distance to the left of the first one, but pulling the needle from the back to the front of the fabric. But, before thread is pulled all of the way through, pass the needle through the loop that forms, and then pull it tightly. Make yet another stitch to the left of this second one, once again going bottom to top and pulling the needle through the loop. Keep going until you’ve gone all of the way around the button hole.
Step 5: Tying off the thread.
Once you’ve made pearl stitches all of the way around the button hole, pass the needle back through the material, going front to back this time. Cut the thread (the pearl stitches will keep it from unraveling).
Enjoy your new button hole! Your first few may look a bit messy, but you’ll soon catch on with practice.
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While picture frames that are mostly made out of acrylic won’t break as easily as frames that are mostly made out of glass, they do scratch more easily. Therefore, when it comes time to clean the frame, you need to be careful not to put too much pressure on the surface of the acrylic.
When you want to use a can of compressed air to blow dust and debris off of an acrylic picture frame, remember these three tips:
Gently Set The Frame On A Chair Or Table Before You Start
To maximize the effectiveness of your can of compressed air, you’ll need to blow on all the surfaces you want to clean from the side. While you might be able to blow on the face of the frame from the side while it’s on the wall, it’ll be much harder to do this with edges, corners, and recesses around the picture if your wall is very crowded.
So before you start working, set the frame on a chair, table, or any other smooth and stable surface. Always test the stability of whatever piece of furniture you’re using by rocking it back and forth gently before you actually remove the frame.
Remove Any Metal Screws On The Frame And Clean Them Separately
While you always need to be careful when you’re cleaning acrylic, you don’t have to be so circumspect when it comes to cleaning the frame’s metal screws. All you’ll need to get all the dust and debris off of the screws is a sink filled with soapy water.
Removing the screws before you bring out your can of compressed air will also mean that you can blow on the holes the screws leave open. When the holes are properly cleaned, it’ll take a lot longer for the screws to accumulate as much dust as they used to have.
Spend Extra Time On The Outside Edges Of The Acrylic
Since it’s harder to hit the thin outside edges of an acrylic frame with a can of compressed air, you’ll need to spend more time on them. While the air you spray on the face of the frame itself will spread out and affect dust on both sides of the air stream, a lot of air is simply lost to either the room or the surface you put the frame on when you use your air can on the outside edges.
To prevent dust from getting on the outside edges just after you clean them but before you put the frame back in its place, always make sure that the surface you set the frame face up on has been thoroughly cleaned. If you want to know more, click here to ask questions of professionals.
Most individuals have that one particular photo or other special item that they wish to have put in a customized frame and displayed for people to see and admire.
One way to achieve this is to visit a shop that specializes in customized preservation framing, which fully protects valuable photos and other items that someone wishes to have framed from dirt, dust, and exposure to ultraviolet light, all of which can damage the item that you wish to have framed.
If you have considered or are currently considering employing the services of a professional preservation framer, here are some useful steps to make note of.
CHOOSE SOMEONE WHO SHARES YOUR VISION
Regardless of what you’re looking to have framed, it’s important to select a professional framer who shares your vision and can help you make it into a reality. Discuss your idea with the framer and select an option that comes with the three most common essential framing materials: mat board comes in a variety of colors and depending on your design preference, you can use one or more pieces of mat board; glazing comes in either glass or acrylic, whichever material you prefer.
Regardless of which one you choose, you will want to make sure that you request ultraviolet-filtering glazing, which will completely protect the item being framed from dangerous and damaging light rays; the frame itself is the most visible part of the piece that you are having customized. While there are many different styles to choose from, the professional framer that you are working with will help you select the right one that goes with the piece or pieces that you are having framed.
In regards to mat boards, a professional framer will generally go with a preservation-grade version, which can be labelled many different ways, including “alpha cellulose, “100% cotton rag,” or “purified wood pulp.” Furthermore, if a piece of mat board is covered with fabric or any other surface layers that contain any chemical components, dyes, adhesives, or additives, that will increase the chance of the item being framed potentially becoming damaged.
Glazing for customized framing is available in a variety of types. Some glazing can appear to be virtually invisible, while types such as ultraviolet glazing can block 98% of certain indoor and outdoor light rays, which can also help keep the framed item from having its colors faded.
As previously stated, you will want to request that your framer uses preservation-grade mat board and ultraviolet glazing in your piece in order to allow the item or items being framed to be fully protected and vibrant. Before making this request, however, you will want to ensure that the framer is experienced in preservation-grade work; however, most framing shops train their employees to become familiar with this technique.
Following these useful steps can help make your professional framing experience a successful one and help keep your items preserved and admired for many years to come. Contact a company like Instaframe Galleries for more information.